It was begun by a pair of Stevens, i.
Transactional Leadership Definition Leadership theory is a discipline that focuses on finding out what makes successful leaders excel in what they do. The primary distinction between leadership theory and leadership style is that leadership style falls under the overall umbrella of leadership theory.
In other words, leadership style is one of many examples covered with leadership theory.
Leadership style focuses specifically on the traits and behaviors of leaders. Leadership Theory Since businesses are always striving to find great leaders that can lead them to success, much effort has been put forth into finding out how they operate.
More specifically, businesses are trying to identify the characteristics and behaviors associated with the best leaders. As a result, many leadership theories have been developed over the years that attempt to explain what makes a leader great.
Businesses figure if they can identify the traits that make a successful leader, they can not only identify potential leaders more readily, but also can hone in on those specific skills for improvement.
Examples of Leadership Theory In the beginning, leadership theories focused primarily on specific characteristics and behaviors of leaders.
However, as time went on, theories began to focus more on a leader's followers and the contextual nature of leadership. For example, the early theories, such as the great man theory and the trait theory, focused specifically on innate qualities leaders are born with. Within the next phase -- which includes behaviorist theory, situational leadership theory, and contingency theory -- focus shifted more toward what leaders do versus what traits they have.
The final stage includes transactional theory and transformational theory, where the relationship between the leader and his followers is explored. Leadership Style Leadership style is modeled after a leader's behaviors, which is encompassed under behaviorist theory.
Within this category, different patterns of leadership behavior are observed and then categorized as leadership styles.
Practicing managers tend to be the most interested in researching this particular theory because with it leaders have the ability to alter their style based on the beliefs, values, preferences and culture of the organization they work for.
Examples of Leadership Style Leadership styles can be broken down in several different ways depending on what information is being looked at.
For example, an organization interested in how decisions are made may define leaders as either being autocratic or democratic.
Another organization may have more interest in how leaders handle situations and choose to define them as being charismatic, participative, situational, transactional, transformational, quiet or servant-like.
One more way to differentiate leadership styles is according to whether leaders are task-oriented or people-oriented. Task-oriented leaders are said to have a considerate style and people-oriented leaders an initiating-structure style.This leadership profile on Steve Jobs is split into five parts.
The first part contains a general background. The second part is a critical application of three theories of leadership.
The third part is a reflective analysis on individual leadership qualities and approach. The fourth section is a qualitative analysis of effectiveness as a leader. His saga is the entrepreneurial creation myth writ large: Steve Jobs cofounded Apple in his parents’ garage in , was ousted in , returned to rescue it from near bankruptcy in , and.
Watch video · Tim Cook assumed he was ready for the harsh glare that shines on Apple’s (AAPL) CEO. He had, after all, filled in for Jobs three times during the Apple founder’s medical leaves of absence. Most theories view leadership as grounded in one or more of the following three perspectives: leadership as a process or relationship, leadership as a combination of traits or personality characteristics, or leadership as certain behaviors or, as they are more commonly referred to, leadership skills.
Steve Jobs represents an element of leadership that I-Os have neglected. "None of our theories encompass Steve Jobs. We don't have a theory for his leadership style. When there is a good leader-member relation, a highly structured task, and high leader position power, the situation is considered a "favorable situation".
Howell provides examples of Steve Jobs and Abraham Lincoln as encompassing the traits of determination and drive as well as possessing cognitive capacity, demonstrated by.