The cardinal issue that remains unresolved in epistemology is the definition of cognition. Philosophers are divided on this issue with some analysing it as justified true beliefs while others differ and say that justified true belief does non represent cognition. The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast Plato and Aristotles theories of cognition.
Plato imagined that there existed an ideal or perfect world beyond our own physical earth. Our earthly world is full of unevenness, imperfections, and impurities which have been copied from the true ideal world which is beyond us. Plato further believed that our physical world and its Forms participate or imitate the real Forms in a disorderly way.
He claimed that there was a relationship between the realm of Forms and our world. This relationship revealed to us mortals the forms and brought order to life.
And even if a link is established it fails to explain all the Forms in the material world. At some point Plato fails to explain how this greater Form was controlled- how can Form control things?
Thus, if the essence of being a humanoid includes being a biped, we are able to explain our two legs by appeal to the form of humanness which is in us.
Plato postulated that once the humans rose above their physical environment, they would understand the Forms which were present in the invisible world. Whether he meant this would occur after death or during life remains a mystery.
Aristotle on the other hand believed that everything was right here on earth and one could find the Form if one developed a scientific method to apprehend it.
I believe the Forms which Plato believed in were not real. He claims that what we see on earth are mimics of the real thing, only with a lot of imperfections.
In his Allegory of the Cave, outlined in The Republic, he called mimics artificial replicas of the real thing.
In real life all that is seen is an illusion smoke of the real thing. On the other hand, Aristotle believed that our natural world itself was real and physical.
Aristotle, having studied some biological and physical phenomenon during his work as a teacher, came to understand that our world was made up of many natural Forms, even though not all of the Forms were ideal, pure or perfect.
He argued that with our sense s we could identify all the natural Forms on earth. Why some things are permanent remains a central question in his philosophy. One can understand that genetic traits can be passed on to future generations of humans and animals, but how does this information pass on to inanimate objects like the stone, rock, sand or water?
I can understand that perhaps some humans may have ESP and perceive with a lot of good luck the past or the future, but how can a rock know that it was a rock in the ideal world first and now is a manifestation of the rock in our world?
Online Course A Complete Course for A level students, with both content and training in A grade writing skills Study with us meh August 10, Reply nice essay, thaks.Plato and Aristotle have different perspectives when analyzing the value of art.
As talented literary critics, they disagree a lot about this value in the society. The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art Essays - The Perspective of Plato and Aristotle on the Value of Art As literary critics, Plato and Aristotle disagree profoundly about the value of art in human society.
Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge Essay. The theory of cognition (Epistemology) is the philosophical survey of the nature - Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge Essay introduction. range and restriction of what constitutes cognition. its acquisition and analysis. The cardinal issue that remains unresolved in epistemology is the definition of cognition.
Jan 09, · Essay: Art as Imitation in Plato and Aristotle Posted on January 9, by literaryfruit Ancient Greek thought held that poetry, drama, and other forms of fine art were imitations of reality, a reality that could be actual or potential.
Plato Vs. Aristotle on Art Essay Words | 8 Pages. the next generation.
Plato, a Greek philosopher who lived during B.C. in Athens, and Aristotle, Plato’s student who argued against his beliefs, have no exceptions to the steps they had to take in order to understand the purpose of art and artists.
Plato vs. Aristotle Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. Affirmative essay Aristotle and Socrates and Plato’s beliefs have similarities mainly evident in their denouncement of democracy for the state.
Being then an oral art, it reflected the mere imitation of.