It is also the position of NASN that it is the school nurse's role to collaborate with school administrators to ensure that EHRs use meets the highest quality standards for the safety and protection of student, family and staff information. Additionally, EHRs in the school setting provide a means of integrating health and educational data in a way that addresses the needs of children at risk for poor health or academic outcomes. EHRs also facilitate the sharing of data into a national database of student health data. Health information in any form must be confidential, secure, accessible only by authorized staff, and protected from loss, alteration, or destruction.
Advanced Search Abstract Nurses play an important role in promoting public health. Traditionally, the focus of health promotion by nurses has been on disease prevention and changing the behaviour of individuals with respect to their health.
However, their role as promoters of health is more complex, since they have multi-disciplinary knowledge and experience of health promotion in their nursing practice. This paper presents an integrative review aimed at examining the findings of existing research studies — of health promotion practice by nurses.
Data were analysed and the results are presented using the concept map method of Novak and Gowin. The review found information on the theoretical basis of health promotion practice by nurses, the range of their expertise, health promotion competencies and the organizational culture associated with health promotion practice.
Nurses consider health promotion important but a number of obstacles associated with organizational culture prevent effective delivery.
However, because of the broad field of health promotion, more research is needed to examine the role of health promotion in nursing Whitehead, The concept of health promotion was developed to emphasize the community-based practice of health promotion, community participation and health promotion practice based on social and health policies Baisch, However, empirical studies indicate that nurses have adopted an individualistic approach and a behaviour-changing perspective, and it seems that the development of the health promotion concept has not influenced practical health promotion practices by nurses Casey, a ; Irvine, On the other hand, there has been much discussion about how to include health promotion in nursing programmes and how to redirect nurse education from being disease-orientated towards a health promotion ideology Rush, ; Whitehead, ; Mcilfatrick, The research questions addressed were: METHODS An integrative review was chosen because it allowed the inclusion of studies with diverse methodologies for example, qualitative and quantitative research in the same review Cooper, ; Whittemore, ; Whittemore and Knafl, Integrative reviews have the potential to generate a comprehensive understanding, based on separate research findings, of problems related to health care Kirkevold, ; Whittemore and Knafl, The integrative review was split into the following phases: Search method Several different databases were searched to identify relevant published material.
Search result The original search identified references: After duplicate papers were excluded one researcher V. No specific evaluation criteria are employed when conducting an integrative review using diverse empirical sources; one approach is to evaluate methodological quality and informational value Whittemore and Knafl, All three researchers V.
Studies were included in the integrative review if they met the following criteria: The main exclusion criteria were: The included studies were tabulated in chronological order under the following headings: Studies included in this review are available in Supplementary data, Table S1.
Data analysis Conducting an integrative review that analyses various types of research paper is a major challenge Whittemore and Knafl, In this review, the concept map method was adopted for both data analysis and presentation of the results.
The use of concept mapping promotes conceptual understanding and provides a strategy for analysing and organizing information and identifying, graphically displaying and linking concepts. The concept map method was applied according to the recommendations of Novak and Gowin [ Novak and Gowin,p.
According to Novak Novak, the process of concept mapping involves six phases: After that, select defining concepts and arrange hierarchially below of the key concepts.
The process proceeded as follows:Aug 20, · In this changing landscape, nurses must expand their roles as health partners, educators, and care managers to facilitate wise and effective use of health information by HIT-enabled consumers. Nurses should participate actively in the expansion of HIT-enabled care.
Nurses Roles and Personal Health Records Essay.
Personal Health Records Main Concepts and Current Issues Personal health record (PHR) is a very useful tool for patient and not to . Electronic personal health records (PHRs) are receiving increasing recognition in healthcare today.
However, the degree to which consumers and providers will use these PHRs depends on how helpful they find them. Health information technology (IT) is changing the way health information is documented, stored, viewed, retrieved, shared, managed, and consumed.1 Some of these technologies include electronic health records (EHRs), personal health records, electronic medication prescribing, personal health tools (eg, mobile applications), and online.
Medical records and your personal health record (PHR) are not the same thing. Medical records contain information about your health compiled and maintained by each of your healthcare providers.
Medical records contain information about your health compiled and maintained by . Nov 29, · Personal health records include tools to help individuals take a more active role in their own health.
In part, PHRs represent a repository for patient data, but PHR systems can also include decision-support capabilities that can assist patients in managing chronic conditions.