History of labour law Labour law arose in parallel with the Industrial Revolution as the relationship between worker and employer changed from small-scale production studios to large-scale factories.
Arduino 8 An Arduino is a piece of electronic hardware—a single-board microcontroller used to create basic hardware-to-software communication through circuitry control. Developed by a team of inventors led by Massimo Banzi, Arduinos are widely used in computer programming. As an easy-to-use module, the device can be employed to test basic programming functionality or even operate a small robot.
The Arduino is particularly practical for rapid prototyping. Its design is distributed under the Creative Commons license and low-cost kits are available through a number of organizations.
Behavior Change 9 Behavioral change is an ongoing process of replacing the ways we respond to our environment with newly acquired patterns of action. Behavior standards respond to social norms and needs; in an urban context, certain targeted behavior-al shifts can lead to important changes in urban interaction and design.
The key to large-scale urban improvement lies in the majority of the population adopting and maintaining more behaviors that produce small but incremental change for the common good. These could include more responsible consumption and waste practices and greater conviviality and sharing. Through his programs, which explored the power of technology in cities, Lab Team member Carlo Ratti argued that sensing and actuating is a powerful transformative process that can lead to behavior change—the first step in large-scale transformation.
Bike Sharing 10 Bicycle-sharing programs provide bikes for rent or temporary use in urban environments. Today, there are bike-sharing programs in cities around the world. Bike-sharing systems typically involve customized bike design, docking stations, and an affordable membership fee to avoid theft and promote financial sustainability.
Bike sharing provides free or low-cost transportation with no emissions. The system was first employed in Amsterdam in when a fleet of bikes was painted white and distributed throughout the city.
Other cities with bike-sharing programs include Berlin with two programs, started in and ParisBarcelonaand Londonamong others. New York City will be launching one in the spring of In major cities around the world, the programs are typically sponsored by major corporations.
Cycling Fast Facts featured a group of biking experts to showcase a crosssection of the Berlin cycling community to discuss the challenges and opportunities of biking in cities. The Copenhagenize Index was developed in by Copenhagen Consulting as an index for measuring support of urban cycling in cities worldwide.
The index measures eighty major cities around the world based on specific criteria including bicycle infrastructure, bike-sharing programs, perception of safety, and politics. When these needs are met, cities experience an increase in cyclists, which has a positive effect on city livability and infrastructure.In the #commoncore Project, authors Jonathan Supovitz, Alan Daly, Miguel del Fresno and Christian Kolouch examine the intense debate surrounding the Common Core State Standards education reform as it played out on Twitter.
Labour law (also known as labor law or employment law) mediates the relationship between workers, employing entities, trade unions and the government. Collective labour law relates to the tripartite relationship between employee, employer and union.
Individual labour law concerns employees' rights at work and through the contract for work.
Employment standards are social norms (in some cases. Archives and past articles from the Philadelphia Inquirer, Philadelphia Daily News, and rutadeltambor.com Featured. McKinsey Global Institute Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy.
Gas Energy Australia (GEA) is pleased to advise its members and associates that the World LPG Association is holding an LPG Power Generation Workshop on . JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.