In fact, as the leader of the Roman Catholic Church, he was primarily responsible for convincing and inspiring European Christians to take up arms to reclaim the Holy Land of Jerusalem from the Muslims.
Like Gregory, he made internal reform his main focus, railing against simony the selling of church offices and other clerical abuses prevalent during the Middle Ages. Urban showed himself to be an adept and powerful cleric, and when he was elected pope inhe applied his statecraft to weakening support for his rivals, notably Clement III.
By the end of the 11th century, the Holy Land—the area now commonly referred to as the Middle East—had become a point of conflict for European Christians.
Since the 6th century, Christians frequently made pilgrimages to the birthplace of their religion, but when the Seljuk Turks took control of JerusalemChristians were barred from the Holy City.
This was not the first appeal of its kind, but it came at an important time for Urban. Wanting to reinforce the power of the papacy, Urban seized the opportunity to unite Christian Europe under him as he fought to take back the Holy Land from the Turks.
Visit Website At the Council of Clermont, in France, at which several hundred clerics and noblemen gathered, Urban delivered a rousing speech summoning rich and poor alike to stop their in-fighting and embark on a righteous war to help their fellow Christians in the East and take back Jerusalem.
Urban denigrated the Muslims, exaggerating stories of their anti-Christian acts, and promised absolution and remission of sins for all who died in the service of Christ.Pope Urban died in , two weeks after the fall of Jerusalem but before news of the Christian victory made it back to Europe.
This was the first of seven major military campaigns fought over the next two centuries known as the Crusades, the bloody repercussions of which are still felt today.
In or , Alexios I Komnenos, the Byzantine emperor, sent to the pope, Urban II, and asked for aid from the west against the Seljuq Turks, who taken nearly all of Asia Minor from him.
At the council of Clermont, Urban addressed a great crowd and urged all to go to the aid of the Greeks and to recover Palestine from the rule of the Muslims.
May 31, · On November 27, , Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to . The Crusades were a series of religious and political wars fought between and for control of the Holy Land.
Pope Urban II initiated the First Crusade (–) in order to aid the Christian Byzantine Empire, which was under attack by Muslim Seljuk Turks. Urban II did not reject the idea of Jerusalem, for aligning the crusade with the Jerusalem pilgrimage enforced the religious objectives, but his motives seem sincere toward the reunification and salvation of .
The crusade of Urban II Pope Urban II was the key figure behind promoting the idea of Crusades. His appeal played key role in initiating the series of famous religious war historically known as the Crusades.