It strained Iraqi political and social life, and led to severe economic dislocations. Viewed from a historical perspective, the outbreak of hostilities in was, in part, just another phase of the ancient Persian-Arab conflict that had been fueled by twentieth-century border disputes. The Iran-Iraq War was multifaceted and included religious schisms, border disputes, and political differences.
First, it was inordinately protracted, lasting longer than either world war, essentially because Iran did not want to end it, while Iraq could not.
Second, it was sharply asymmetrical in the means employed by each side, because though both sides exported oil and purchased military imports throughout, Iraq was further subsidized and supported by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, allowing it to acquire advanced weapons and expertise on a much larger scale than Iran.
Third, it included three modes of warfare absent in all previous wars since When Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq, quite deliberately started the war, he miscalculated on two counts: Had Iran been given ample warning, it would have mobilized its forces to defend its borderlands; that would have made the Iraqi invasion much more difficult, but in the process the bulk of Iranian forces might have been defeated, possibly forcing Iran to accept a cease-fire on Iraqi terms.
As it was, the initial Iraqi offensive thrusts landed in the void, encountering only weak border units before reaching their logistical limits.
At that point, Iran had only just started to mobilize in earnest. From then on, until the final months of the war eight years later, Iraq was forced on the strategic defensive, having to face periodic Iranian offensives on one sector or another, year after year.
But Iran rejected a cease-fire, demanding the removal of Saddam Hussein and compensation for war damage. But revolutionary Iran was very limited in its tactically offensive means.
Cut off from U. Having long conserved its forces and shifted to all-mechanized configurations to circumvent the reluctance of its troops to face enemy fire, Iraq attacked on a large scale in April The end came on July 18, when Iran accepted UN Resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire, though minor Iraqi attacks continued for a few more days after the truce came into effect on July 20, Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker.The rd Airborne Brigade has a along and distinguished history of over 45 years of service spanning almost 88 years.
The Brigade originally was activated in as the rd Infantry Brigade and assigned to the 87th Infantry.
A chronology of key events in the history of Iraq, from the time it formed part of the Ottoman Empire to the present. A chronology of key events in the history of Iraq, from the time it formed.
May 31, · On this day in , the United States, along with coalition forces primarily from the United Kingdom, initiates war on Iraq. Just after explosions began to rock Baghdad, Iraq’s capital, U.S. In accordance with the Constitution, the official name of the state is the "Republic of Iraq" (Jumhūrīyyat al-'Irāq).
Pre-historic era. Between 65, BC and 35, BC northern Iraq was home to a Neanderthal culture, archaeological.
To understand Iraq, Charles Tripp's history is the book to read. Since its first appearance in , it has become a classic in the field of Middle East studies, read and admired by . The Iraq War began on March 20, , when a US-led coalition invaded Iraq from Kuwait. The coalition drove the Ba'athist regime out of power, installing an Iraqi Interim Government in June of , and organizing free elections for October of Iraq: Iraq, country of southwestern Asia. During ancient times, lands that now constitute Iraq were known as Mesopotamia. The modern nation-state of Iraq was created following World War I from the Ottoman provinces of Baghdad, Al-Basrah, and Mosul. The capital city is Baghdad.
The Very Ancient History. The region that is now included in the somewhat artificial nation-state of Iraq has had a very important role in world history. To understand Iraq, Charles Tripp's history is the book to read.
Since its first appearance in , it has become a classic in the field of Middle East studies, read and admired by .